Why you shouldn't shave your
White band of color encircling
the neck
Alaskan Malamute Breed Standard
General Appearance
The Alaskan Malamute, one of the oldest Arctic sled dogs, is a powerful and substantially built dog
with a deep chest and strong, well-muscled body. The Malamute stands well over the pads, and this
stance gives the appearance of much activity and a proud carriage, with head erect and eyes alert
showing interest and curiosity. The head is broad. Ears are triangular and erect when alerted. The
muzzle is bulky, only slight diminishing in width from root to nose. The muzzle is not pointed or long, yet
not stubby. The coat is thick with a coarse guard coat of sufficient length to protect a woolly
undercoat. Malamutes are of various colors. Face markings are a distinguishing feature. These consist
of a cap over the head, the face either all white or marked with a bar and/or mask. The tail is well
furred, carried over the back, and has the appearance of a waving plume. The Malamute must be a
heavy boned dog with sound legs, good feet, deep chest and powerful shoulders, and have all of the
other physical attributes necessary for the efficient performance of his job. The gait must be steady,
balanced, tireless and totally efficient. He is not intended as a racing sled dog designed to compete in
speed trials. The Malamute is structured for strength and endurance, and any characteristic of the
individual specimen, including temperament, which interferes with the accomplishment of this purpose, is
to be considered the most serious of faults.
Size, Proportion, Substance
There is a natural range in size in the breed. The desirable freighting sizes are males, 25 inches at the
shoulders, 85 pounds; females, 23 inches at the shoulders, 75 pounds. However, size consideration
should not outweigh that of type, proportion, movement and other functional attributes. When dogs are
judged equal in type, proportion, movement, the dog nearest the desirable freighting size is to be
preferred. The depth of chest is approximately one half the height of the dog at the shoulders, the
deepest point being just behind the forelegs. The length of the body from point of shoulder to the rear
point of pelvis is longer than the height of the body from ground to top of the withers. The body carries
no excess weight, and bone is in proportion to size.
The head is broad and deep, not coarse or clumsy, but in proportion to the size of the dog. The
expression is soft and indicates an affectionate disposition. The eyes are obliquely placed in the skull.
Eyes are brown, almond shaped and of medium size. Dark eyes are preferred. Blue Eyes are a
Disqualifying Fault. The ears are of medium size, but small in proportion to the head. The ears are
triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tips. They are set wide apart on the outside back edges
of the skull on line with the upper corner of the eye, giving ears the appearance, when erect, of
standing off from the skull. Erect ears point slightly forward, but when the dog is at work, the ears are
sometimes folded against the skull. High set ears are a fault. The skull is broad and moderately
rounded between the ears, gradually narrowing and flattening on top as it approaches the eyes,
rounding off to cheeks that are moderately flat. There is a slight furrow between the eyes. The topline
of the skull and the topline of the muzzle show a slight break downward from a straight line as they
join. The muzzle is large and bulky in proportion to the size of the skull, diminishing slightly in width and
depth from junction with the skull to the nose. In all coat colors, except reds, the nose, lips, and eye
rims’ pigmentation is black. Brown is permitted in red dogs. The lighter streaked “snow nose” is
acceptable. The lips are close fitting. The upper and lower jaws are broad with large teeth. The incisors
meet with a scissors grip. Overshot or undershot is a fault.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is strong and moderately arched. The chest is well developed. The body is compactly built but
not short coupled. The back is straight and gently sloping to the hips. The loins are hard and well
muscled. A long loin that may weaken the back is a fault. The tail is moderately set and follows the line
of the spine at the base. The tail is carried over the back when not working. It is not a snap tail or
curled tight against the back, nor is it short furred like a fox brush. The Malamute tail is well furred
and has the appearance of a waving plume.
The shoulders are moderately sloping; forelegs heavily boned and muscled, straight to the pasterns
when viewed from the front. Pasterns are short and strong and slightly sloping when viewed from the
side. The feet are of the snowshoe type, tight and deep, with well-cushioned pads, giving a firm,
compact appearance. The feet are large, toes tight fitting and well arched. There is a protective
growth of hair between the toes. The pads are thick and tough; toenails short and strong.
The rear legs are broad and heavily muscled through the thighs; stifles moderately bent; hock joints are
moderately bent and well let down. When viewed from the rear, the legs stand and move true in line
with the movement of the front legs, not too close or too wide. Dewclaws on the rear legs are
undesirable and should be removed shortly after puppies are whelped.
The Malamute has a thick, coarse guard coat, never long and soft. The undercoat is dense, from one to
two inches in depth, oily and woolly. The coarse guard coat varies in length as does the undercoat. The
coat is relatively short to medium along the sides of the body, with the length of the coat increasing
around the shoulders and neck, down the back, over the rump, and in the breeching and plume.
Malamutes usually have a shorter and less dense coat during the summer months. The Malamute is
shown naturally. Trimming is not acceptable except to provide a clean cut appearance of feet.
The usual colors range from light gray through intermediate shadings to black, sable, and shadings of
sable to red. Color combinations are acceptable in undercoats, points, and trimmings. The only solid
color allowable is all white. White is always the predominant color on underbody, parts of legs, feet,
and part of face markings. A white blaze on the forehead and/or collar or a spot on the nape is
attractive and acceptable. The Malamute is mantled, and broken colors extending over the body or
uneven splashing are undesirable.
The gait of the Malamute is steady, balanced, and powerful. He is agile for his size and build. When
viewed from the side, the hindquarters exhibit strong rear drive that is transmitted through a well-
muscled loin to the forequarters. The forequarters receive the drive from the rear with a smooth
reaching stride. When viewed from the front or from the rear, the legs move true in line, not too close
or too wide. At a fast trot, the feet will converge toward the centerline of the body. A stilted gait, or
any gait that is not completely efficient and tireless, is to be penalized.
The Alaskan Malamute is an affectionate, friendly dog, not a “one man” dog. He is a loyal, devoted
companion, playful in invitation, but generally impressive by his dignity after maturity.
IMPORTANT: In judging Malamutes, their function as a sledge dog for heavy freighting in the Arctic
must be given consideration above all else. The degree to which a dog is penalized should depend upon
the extent to which the dog deviates from the description of the ideal Malamute and the extent to
which the particular fault would actually affect the working ability of the dog. The legs of the Malamute
must indicate unusual strength and tremendous propelling power. Any indication of unsoundness in legs
and feet, front or rear, standing or moving, is to be considered a serious fault. Faults under this
provision would be splay-footedness, cowhocks, bad pasterns, straight shoulders, lack of angulation,
stilted gait (or any gait that isn’t balanced, strong and steady), ranginess, shallowness, ponderousness,
lightness of bone, and poor overall proportion. Disqualifications Blue Eyes